Términos de tecnología y accesibilidad beginning with A

Palabras clave relacionadas con los productos de apoyo y las tecnologías de la información y comunicación
Seleccionar una de las letras para abrir la página de términos que empizan por dicha letra


AAC communicator search for term

High-tech AAC aids permit the storage and retrieval of electronic messages, with most allowing the user to communicate using speech output. Such devices are known as speech generating devices (SGD) or voice output communication aids (VOCA). A device's speech output may be digitized and/or synthesized: digitized systems play recorded words or phrases and are generally more intelligible while synthesized speech uses text-to-speech software that can be harder to understand but that permits the user to spell words and speak novel messages.

High-tech systems may be dedicated devices developed solely for AAC, or non-dedicated devices such as computers that run additional software to allow them to function as AAC devices. They may be static or dynamic in form. Static communication devices have symbols in fixed positions on paper overlays, which are changed manually. To increase the vocabulary available, some static devices have multiple levels, with different words appearing on different levels. On dynamic AAC devices, the user can change the symbols available using page links to navigate to appropriate pages of vocabulary and messages.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AAC_device#High-tech)

Access control search for term

In the fields of physical security and information security, access control is the selective restriction of access to a place or other resource. The act of accessing may mean consuming, entering, or using. Permission to access a resource is called authorization.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Access_control)

Access method search for term

In the context of assistive technologies, Access method is the procedure of hardware or software access to the computer or other devices.
Source: TecnoAccesible

Accessibility search for term

To enable persons with disabilities to live independently and participate fully in all aspects of life, States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure to persons with disabilities access, on an equal basis with others, to the physical environment, to transportation, to information and communications, including information and communications technologies and systems, and to other facilities and services open or provided to the public, both in urban and in rural areas.
Source: Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (http://www.un.org/disabilities/convention/conventionfull.shtml)

Accessibility [...] is defined as meaning that people with disabilities have access, on an equal basis with others, to the physical environment, transportation, information and communications technologies and systems (ICT), and other facilities and services in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of Person with Disabilities.
Source: European Accessibility Act: legislative initiative to improve accessibility of goods and services in the Internal Market (http://ec.europa.eu/smart-regulation/impact/planned_ia/docs/2012_just_025_european_accessibiliy_act_en.pdf)

Accessibility is the degree to which a product, device, service, or environment is available to as many people as possible. Accessibility can be viewed as the "ability to access" and benefit from some system or entity. The concept often focuses on people with disabilities or special needs (such as the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities) and their right of access, enabling the use of assistive technology.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accessibility)

Accessibility of the Physical Environment search for term

An accessible physical environment benefits everyone, not just persons with disabilities. The Convention states that measures should be undertaken to eliminate obstacles and barriers to indoor and outdoor facilities including schools, medical facilities and workplaces. These would include not only buildings, but also footpaths, curb cuts, and obstacles that block the flow of pedestrian traffic.
Source: UN (http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/enable/disacc.htm)

Accessible design game search for term

Accessible design game are toys and games for the general consumer market which are also fully enjoyable by disabled children.
Source: TecnoAccesible (adapted from Takara Tomy)

Accessible game search for term

A game is structured form of play, usually undertaken for enjoyment and sometimes used as an educational tool. Games are distinct from work, which is usually carried out for remuneration, and from art, which is more often an expression of aesthetic or ideological elements. However, the distinction is not clear-cut, and many games are also considered to be work (such as professional players of spectator sports or games) or art (such as jigsaw puzzles or games involving an artistic layout such as Mahjong, solitaire, or some video games)[1]. An accessible game is a game designed or adapted for people with disabilities[2].
Source: [1] Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Game); [2] TecnoAccesible

Accessible publishing search for term

Accessible publishing is an approach to publishing and book design whereby books and other texts are made available in alternative formats designed to aid or replace the reading process. Alternative formats that have been developed to aid different people to read include varieties of larger fonts, specialised fonts for certain kinds of reading disabilities, Braille, e-books, and automated Audiobooks and DAISY digital talking books.
Source: Wikipedia

Accessible technology search for term

Accessible technology enables individuals to adjust a computer to meet their visual, hearing, dexterity, cognitive, and speech needs. Types of accessible technology studied include both accessibility options built into products (such as options that change font size and color) and assistive technology products (specialty hardware and software products such as a screen reader or voice recognition product).
Source: Microsoft Corporation y Forrester Research: Accessible Technology in Computing—Examining Awareness, Use, and Future Potential

Accessible tourism search for term

Accessible tourism is the ongoing endeavour to ensure tourist destinations, products and services are accessible to all people, regardless of their physical limitations, disabilities or age. It encompasses publicly and privately owned tourist locations.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accessible_tourism)

Adapted toy search for term

A toy adapted is a toy accessible for children with disabilities. Toys can be products designed and manufactured by companies or toys that are not accessible adapted for different user profiles.
Source: TecnoAccesible

Aerospace engineering search for term

Aerospace engineering is the primary field of engineering concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft. It has two major and overlapping branches: Aeronautical engineering and Astronautical Engineering. Avionics engineering is similar, but deals with the electronics side of aerospace engineering.

Source: Wikipedia

All-in-One PC search for term

An all-in-one PC integrates the system's internal components into the same case as the display, allowing for easier portability and a smaller footprint, especially on designs using flat panel displays. Some recent all-in-one models also include touchscreen displays.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All-in-One_PC#All-in-one)

API search for term

An application programming interface (API) specifies how some software components should interact with each other.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/API)

Application launcher search for term

An application launcher is a computer program that helps a user to locate and start other computer programs. An application launcher provides shortcuts to computer programs, and stores the shortcuts in one place so they are easier to find.
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_desktop_application_launchers)

Application launcher search for term

An application launcher is a computer program that helps a user to locate and start other computer programs. An application launcher provides shortcuts to computer programs, and stores the shortcuts in one place so they are easier to find.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_desktop_application_launchers)

Application software search for term

Application software is all the computer software that causes a computer to perform useful tasks (compare with computer viruses) beyond the running of the computer itself. A specific instance of such software is called a software application, application or app.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Application_software)

Architectural engineering search for term

Architectural engineering, also known as building engineering, is the application of engineering principles and technology to building design and construction.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Building_engineering)

Artificial intelligence search for term

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence exhibited by machines or software, and the branch of computer science that develops machines and software with intelligence. Major AI researchers and textbooks define the field as "the study and design of intelligent agents", where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chances of success. John McCarthy, who coined the term in 1955,[3] defines it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines".
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artifical_Intelligence)

Assistive products search for term

Any external product (including devices, equipment, instruments or software), especially produced or generally available, the primary purpose of which is to maintain or improve an individual’s functioning and independence, and thereby promote their well-being. Assistive products are also used to prevent impairments and secondary health conditions.
Source: "Priority Assistive Products List" WHO's document, Definitions

Assistive switch search for term

A switch is one of the simplest access systems which can be easily controlled by a user's movement with any part of his/her body (hands, arms, head, feet, legs, etc..) in order to manipulate the computer or other devices. It can be used as a complement to other devices or as single access system.
Source: TecnoAccesible

Assistive technology search for term

Assistive technology is the application of organized knowledge and skills related to assistive products, including systems and services. Assistive technology is a subset of health technology.
Source: "Priority Assistive Products List" WHO's document, Definitions

Assistive Technology is an umbrella term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities and also includes the process used in selecting, locating, and using them. AT promotes greater independence by enabling people to perform tasks that they were formerly unable to accomplish, or had great difficulty accomplishing, by providing enhancements to, or changing methods of interacting with, the technology needed to accomplish such tasks.
Source: Wikipedia

Assistive Technology for hearing search for term
Assistive Technology for vision search for term

Many people with serious visual impairments live independently, using a wide range of tools and techniques. Examples of Assistive Technology for visually impairment include the Canadian currency tactile feature, which a system of raised dots in one corner, based on Braille cells but not standard Braille. For general computer use access technology such as screen readers, screen magnifiers and refreshable Braille displays has been widely taken up along with standalone reading aids that integrate a scanner, optical character recognition (OCR) software, and speech software in a single machine. These function together without a separate PC.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assistive_technology#Assistive_Technology_f...)

AT Joystick search for term

Specialist joysticks, classed as an assistive technology pointing device, are used to replace the computer mouse for people with fairly severe physical disabilities. Rather than controlling games these joysticks plug into the USB port and control the pointer. They are often useful to people with athetoid conditions, such as cerebral palsy, who find them easier to grasp than a standard mouse. Miniature joysticks are also available for people with conditions involving muscular weakness such as muscular dystrophy or motor neurone disease. They are also used on electric powered wheelchairs for control since they are simple and effective to use as a control method.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joystick#Assistive_technology)

Audio codec search for term

An audio codec is a device or computer program capable of coding or decoding a digital data stream of audio. In software, an audio codec is a computer program implementing an algorithm that compresses and decompresses digital audio data according to a given audio file or streaming media audio coding format. The objective of the algorithm is to represent the high-fidelity audio signal with minimum number of bits while retaining the quality. This can effectively reduce the storage space and the bandwidth required for transmission of the stored audio file. Most codecs are implemented as libraries which interface to one or more multimedia players.
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Audio_codec)

Audio induction loop search for term

Audio induction loop systems, also called audio-frequency induction loops (AFILs) or hearing loops, are an assistive listening technology for individuals with reduced ranges of hearing.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Audio_induction_loop)

Audiobook search for term

An audiobook is a recording of a text being read. A reading of the complete text is noted as "unabridged," while readings of a reduced version, or abridgement of the text are labeled as "abridged".
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Audiobook)

Augmented reality search for term

Augmented reality (AR) is a live direct or indirect view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented (or supplemented) by computer-generated sensory input such as sound, video, graphics or GPS data. It is related to a more general concept called mediated reality, in which a view of reality is modified (possibly even diminished rather than augmented) by a computer. As a result, the technology functions by enhancing one’s current perception of reality. By contrast, virtual reality replaces the real world with a simulated one. Augmentation is conventionally in real-time and in semantic context with environmental elements, such as sports scores on TV during a match. With the help of advanced AR technology (e.g. adding computer vision and object recognition) the information about the surrounding real world of the user becomes interactive and digitally manipulable. Artificial information about the environment and its objects can be overlaid on the real world.
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augmented_reality)