Términos de tecnología y accesibilidad beginning with S

Palabras clave relacionadas con los productos de apoyo y las tecnologías de la información y comunicación
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S

Samsung Galaxy Tab search for term

The Samsung Galaxy Tab is a line of Android-based tablet computers produced by Samsung. The first model in the series, the 7-inch Samsung Galaxy Tab, was first introduced on 2 September 2010 at the IFA in Berlin. Since then there have been several models released, including models with 7.7, 8.9 and 10.1-inch displays. The Wifi Tabs all include a GPS system whilst the 3G/ 4G Tabs include phone capability.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samsung_Galaxy_Tab_series)

Science search for term

Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe. In an older and closely related meaning, "science" also refers to this body of knowledge itself, of the type that can be rationally explained and reliably applied. Ever since classical antiquity, science as a type of knowledge has been closely linked to philosophy. In the West during the early modern period the words "science" and "philosophy of nature" were sometimes used interchangeably, and until the 19th century natural philosophy (which is today called "natural science") was considered a branch of philosophy.
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science)

Screen magnifier search for term

A screen magnifier is software that interfaces with a computer's graphical output to present enlarged screen content. It is a type of assistive technology suitable for visually impaired people with some functional vision; visually impaired people with little or no functional vision usually use a screen reader.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Screen_magnifier)

Screen reader search for term

A screen reader is a software application that attempts to identify and interpret what is being displayed on the screen (or, more accurately, sent to standard output, whether a video monitor is present or not). This interpretation is then re-presented to the user with text-to-speech, sound icons, or a Braille output device. Screen readers are a form of assistive technology (AT) potentially useful to people who are blind, visually impaired, illiterate or learning disabled, often in combination with other AT, such as screen magnifiers.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Screenreader)

Search engine search for term

A search engine is an information retrieval system designed to help find information stored on a computer system. The search results are usually presented in a list and are commonly called hits. Search engines help to minimize the time required to find information and the amount of information which must be consulted, akin to other techniques for managing information overload. The most public, visible form of a search engine is a Web search engine which searches for information on the World Wide Web.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Search_engine_(computing))

Semantic interoperability search for term

Semantics concerns the study of meanings. Semantic interoperability is the ability of computer systems to transmit data with unambiguous, shared meaning. Semantic interoperability is a requirement to enable machine computable logic, inferencing, knowledge discovery, and data federation between information systems.
Source and more info: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semantic_interoperability)

Sensor search for term

A sensor is a converter that measures a physical quantity and converts it into a signal which can be read by an observer or by an (today mostly electronic) instrument. For example, a mercury-in-glass thermometer converts the measured temperature into expansion and contraction of a liquid which can be read on a calibrated glass tube. A thermocouple converts temperature to an output voltage which can be read by a voltmeter. For accuracy, most sensors are calibrated against known standards.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sensor)

Smart city search for term

A smart city (also smarter city) uses digital technologies or information and communication technologies (ICT) to enhance quality and performance of urban services, to reduce costs and resource consumption, and to engage more effectively and actively with its citizens. Sectors that have been developing smart city technology include government services, transport and traffic management, energy, health care, water and waste. Smart city applications are developed with the goal of improving the management of urban flows and allowing for real time responses to challenges. A smart city may therefore be more prepared to respond to challenges than one with a simple 'transactional' relationship with its citizens. Other terms that have been used for similar concepts include ‘cyberville, ‘digital city’’, ‘electronic communities’, ‘flexicity’, ‘information city’, 'intelligent city', ‘knowledge-based city, 'MESH city', ‘telecity, ‘teletopia’’, 'Ubiquitous city', ‘wired city’.
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smart_city)

Smart environment search for term

The concept of smart environments evolves from the definition of Ubiquitous computing that, according to Mark Weiser, promotes the ideas of "a physical world that is richly and invisibly interwoven with sensors, actuators, displays, and computational elements, embedded seamlessly in the everyday objects of our lives, and connected through a continuous network.".
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smart_environment)

Smartphone search for term

A smartphone, or smart phone, is a mobile phone built on a mobile operating system, with more advanced computing capability and connectivity than a feature phone. The first smartphones combined the functions of a personal digital assistant (PDA) with a mobile phone. Later models added the functionality of portable media players, low-end compact digital cameras, pocket video cameras, and GPS navigation units to form one multi-use device. Many modern smartphones also include high-resolution touchscreens and web browsers that display standard web pages as well as mobile-optimized sites. High-speed data access is provided by Wi-Fi and mobile broadband. In recent years, the rapid development of mobile app markets and of mobile commerce have been drivers of smartphone adoption.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smartphone)

Social network search for term

A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors (such as individuals or organizations) and a set of the dyadic ties between these actors. The social network perspective provides a set of methods for analyzing the structure of whole social entities as well as a variety of theories explaining the patterns observed in these structures. The study of these structures uses social network analysis to identify local and global patterns, locate influential entities, and examine network dynamics.
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_network)

Software search for term

Computer software, or just software, is any set of machine-readable instructions (most often in the form of a computer program) that directs a computer's processor to perform specific operations. The term is used to contrast with computer hardware, the physical objects (processor and related devices) that carry out the instructions. Hardware and software require each other; neither has any value without the other.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software)

Software accessibility search for term

Computer software accessibility refers to the degree to which a computer program or computer system's properties allow it to be used by the widest variety by users with abilities and disabilities.
Source: Encyclopedia of Disability, Gary L Albrecht - University of Illinois at Chicago

Software development search for term

Software development is the process of computer programming, documenting, testing, and bug fixing involved in creating and maintaining applications and frameworks involved in a software release life cycle and resulting in a software product. The term refers to a process of writing and maintaining the source code, but in a broader sense of the term it includes all that is involved between the conception of the desired software through to the final manifestation of the software, ideally in a planned and structured process. Therefore, software development may include research, new development, prototyping, modification, reuse, re-engineering, maintenance, or any other activities that result in software products.
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_development)

Software development methodology search for term

A software development methodology or system development methodology in software engineering is a framework that is used to structure, plan, and control the process of developing an information system. Common methodologies include waterfall, prototyping, iterative and incremental development, spiral development, rapid application development, and extreme programming. A methodology can also include aspects of the development environment (i.e. IDEs), model-based development, computer aided software development, and the utilization of particular frameworks (i.e. programming libraries or other tools).
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_development_methodology)

Software suite search for term

A software suite or application suite is a collection of computer programs —usually application software or programming software— of related functionality, often sharing a more-or-less common user interface and some ability to smoothly exchange data with each other.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_suite)

Sonar GNU/Linux search for term

Sonar aims to be an accessible GNU/Linux distrobution to people of all needs. Its goal is to bring awareness of Free accessible software to people that depend on assistive technology.

Source: Sonar GNU/Linux project

Sound search for term

In physics, sound is a vibration that propagates as a typically audible mechanical wave of pressure and displacement, through a medium such as air or water. In physiology and psychology, sound is the reception of such waves and their perception by the brain.
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sound)

Speech recognition search for term

In computer science and electrical engineering, speech recognition (SR) is the translation of spoken words into text. It is also known as "automatic speech recognition" (ASR), "computer speech recognition", or just "speech to text" (STT).
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speech_recognition)

Speech technology search for term

Speech technology relates to the technologies designed to duplicate and respond to the human voice. They have many uses. These include aid to the voice-disabled, the hearing-disabled, and the blind, along with communication with computers without a keyboard. They enhance game software and aid in marketing goods or services by telephone.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speech_technology)

Sphygmomanometer search for term

A sphygmomanometer or blood pressure meter (also referred to as a sphygmometer) is a device used to measure blood pressure, composed of an inflatable cuff to restrict blood flow, and a mercury or mechanical manometer to measure the pressure. It is always used in conjunction with a means to determine at what pressure blood flow is just starting, and at what pressure it is unimpeded. Manual sphygmomanometers are used in conjunction with a stethoscope.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sphygmomanometer)

Splint search for term

A splint is a device used for support or immobilization of a limb or the spine. It can be used in multiple situations, including temporary immobilization of potentially broken bones or damaged joints and support for joints during activity.

Source: Wikipedia

SSML search for term

Speech Synthesis Markup Language (SSML) is an XML-based markup language for speech synthesis applications. It is a recommendation of the W3C's voice browser working group. SSML is often embedded in VoiceXML scripts to drive interactive telephony systems. However, it also may be used alone, such as for creating audio books. For desktop applications, other markup languages are popular, including Apple's embedded speech commands, and Microsoft's SAPI Text to speech (TTS) markup, also an XML language.
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speech_Synthesis_Markup_Language)

SSML search for term

Speech Synthesis Markup Language (SSML) is an XML-based markup language for speech synthesis applications. It is a recommendation of the W3C's voice browser working group. SSML is often embedded in VoiceXML scripts to drive interactive telephony systems. However, it also may be used alone, such as for creating audio books. For desktop applications, other markup languages are popular, including Apple's embedded speech commands, and Microsoft's SAPI Text to speech (TTS) markup, also an XML language.
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speech_Synthesis_Markup_Language)

Subtitle search for term

Subtitles are textual versions of the dialog or commentary in films, television programs, video games, and the like, usually displayed at the bottom of the screen. They can either be a form of written translation of a dialog in a foreign language, or a written rendering of the dialog in the same language, with or without added information to help viewers who are deaf and hard-of-hearing to follow the dialog, or people who cannot understand the spoken dialogue or who have accent recognition problems. Television teletext subtitles, which are hidden unless requested by the viewer from a menu or by selecting the relevant teletext page (e.g., p. 888), always carry additional sound representations for deaf and hard of hearing viewers. Teletext subtitle language follows the original audio, except in multi-lingual countries where the broadcaster may provide subtitles in additional languages on other teletext pages.
Source: Wikipedia [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subtitle_(captioning)]

Switch search for term

In electrical engineering, a switch is an electrical component that can break an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another.

Source: Wikipedia

Switch access scanning search for term

Switch access scanning is an indirect selection technique (or access method), used by an assistive technology user, including those who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) to choose items from the selection set. Unlike direct selection (e.g., typing on a keyboard, touching a screen), a scanner can only make selections when the scanning indicator (or cursor) of the electronic device is on the desired choice. The scanning indicator moves through items by highlighting each item on the screen (i.e., visual scanning), or by announcing each item via voice output (i.e., auditory scanning), and then the user activates a switch to select the item. The speed and pattern of scanning, as well as the way items are selected, are individualized to the physical, visual and cognitive capabilities of the user. While there may be different reasons for using scanning, the most common is a physical disability resulting in reduced motor control for direct selection. Communication during scanning is slower and less efficient than direct selection and scanning requires more cognitive skill (e.g., attention). Scanning using technology has an advantage allows the user to be independent in controlling the assistive technology for those with only one voluntary movement.
Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Switch_access_scanning)

Switch interface box search for term
Switch mouse search for term

A switch mouse is a device which emulates a conventional mouse with one ore two switches that move the mouse pointer horizontally, vertically, and in some models, diagonally. It also emulates the functions of the conventional mouse buttons (depending on the model: dragging the mouse; left, middle, right and double click). In case of only having one button, the device should have a scanning system to choose the action that the mouse should do.
Source: AT Observatory